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10 Gothic cathedrals of medieval Europe.

Gothic cathedrals this is not the iconic structures of the ancient Goths, and the temples, built in the Gothic style of architecture. This architectural style emerged in France in the 12th century, it replaced the Romanesque style.

Gothic architecture spread throughout Western Europe and continued to evolve until the 16th century. With the advent of the Renaissance, the Gothic style began to lose its value. Best Gothic style manifested in the architecture of cathedrals, temples and monasteries. For Gothic narrow and high tower, with a pointed top arches, columns, colorful stained-glass Windows and an ornate facade. An integral part of Gothic art is sculpture. The gloomy figures of gargoyles and mythical creatures served as a particularly common decoration on the walls. The combination of iridescent stained glass, gorgeous patterns and stone statues of figures create an inimitable ensemble. Continue reading

Frame system of Gothic architecture

Load balancing

The innovation technical solution consisted of the following: arch stopped to lean on the solid walls of the building, a massive barrel vault replaced the ribbed openwork cross, the pressure of the vault is transmitted by the ribs and arches on pillars. The resulting horizontal stress is perceived by the flying buttresses and buttresses.

The flying buttresses of Strasbourg Cathedral

“The ribbed vault was much easier Romanesque: decreased and vertical pressure and horizontal stress. Ribbed arch of his heels rested on pillars-the foundations, not walls; the thrust of it was clearly identified and strictly localized, and the Builder, it was clear where and how this wall should be “redeemed”. In addition, the ribbed arch had known flexibility. Shrinkage of the soil, catastrophic for the Romanesque arches, was relatively safe. Finally, the ribbed arch had the advantage of being allowed to overlap the space of irregular shape”. Continue reading

15 most beautiful temples of the Old world

1. St. Basil’s Cathedral
Orthodox
Moscow, Russia
Its construction began in the XVI century
Pokrovsky Cathedral, also known as the temple, many believe the symbol of Moscow and whole Russia. Nobody is not set to the name of the master who built it. According to the legend, on the orders of Tsar Ivan the terrible blinded the Creator to nowhere and he never reproduced the unique architecture of the Cathedral. In Stalin’s time, the temple, its bright “candy” style sharply contrasted with the strict walls of the Kremlin and discontinously with demonstrations on red square, it was decided to demolish. From destruction saved him brave protest scholar-restorer, which cost the last several years of camps.
2. The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore Continue reading