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The Church in nice. The Tsesarevich Nicholas.

Today we would like to tell you about the heir to the throne is crown Prince Nicholas, with the tragic fate of which is directly connected to temple relic – the icon of Saint Nicholas.

The heir Tsesarevich and Grand Duke, the first son of crown Prince Alexander Nikolayevich (later Emperor Alexander II) and the Princess Royal (later Empress) Maria Alexandrovna. Was born on 8 September 1843 at Tsarskoe Selo, died on 12 April 1865 in nice. The main feature of the crown Prince, is the cordiality that one of his teachers, A. I. Chivilev, was acknowledged even by excessive. According to him, “the Heir of Grand Duke Nicholas Alexandrovich was smart, capable to work thoughts and sympathized with all its highest interests, Continue reading

Gothic Prague

Good day. In the latest episode of our program “a walk through Historical Prague monuments” welcome Lucia Dvořák. Today we will talk about the architecture of Prague Gothic of the period.

The Gothic style penetrated to Prague in the 1st half of the 13th century simultaneously with the emergence of new monastic orders: Dominicans, mineralov, the poor Clares and magdalenian. The Gothic period lasted until the early 16th century. During this period, especially during the reign of Charles the Fourth, Prague expressive rose, as it was founded the New town of Prague. Prague thus became one of the largest European cities. March 3, 1348, the year of Charles the Fourth gave a Charter and already on March 26 was laid the first stone of the city. In the New town is still a few Gothic Church buildings.

Italian humanist Umberto Decembrio in 1399, the year of Prague wrote:

“The beautiful buildings, the city puts up, lots of pretty streets around the centre, and each of them are then of special proceedings are held. Great are unfinished temples that Karel the Fourth during his life, commanded to build “. Continue reading

Cologne Cathedral is a Gothic gem of Germany

High vaulted ceiling, columns, arches, tall Windows with stained-glass Windows — that the Gothic style was the leading trend in the XIII – XV centuries. Gem Germany is undoubtedly the Cologne Cathedral of the Saints Peter and Mary. This is one of the largest cathedrals in Europe. Huge towers of the Cologne Cathedral are visible from almost any point in the city. This Cathedral has a special place in all of Gothic architecture.

The Cathedral is a Basilica of huge reddish stone of trachyte, with an area of about 8500 square meters. Cathedral length — 144 m, width of transept — 83 meters, height of the building to the ridge of the roof is about 60 meters. On the Western facade of the Cathedral has two huge towers topped with pointed spires. They rise to a height of 157 meters. Outside on the building — weight support of the pilasters, galleries, pass-through gratings, and its main portal is richly decorated with sculptural plasticity, decorative thread that is repeated from tier to tier of pointed arches. The huge main hall of the Cathedral is surrounded by many chapels and chapels and the vaulting is supported by columns with a height of 44 meters. Wall and floor of the Cathedral is lined in grey Rhine stones. Two steep spiral staircases — in 509 steps each leading to the bell tower, located inside the towers. Continue reading