Palma de Mallorca was founded by the Roman Consul Ceciliam Metellus in 123 BC era as a Roman camp. Palma survived the capture of the Byzantine Empire and the colonization of the Moors. And was taken by the Aragonese king Jaime the Conqueror. Each era has left its mark in the history and architecture of the city. It is the capital not only of the island but the whole archipelago, in addition to consists of Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza, Formentera and numerous smaller Islands. Here there are palaces and cathedrals, museums and the fortress. Palma de Mallorca is the permanent summer residence of the Spanish monarchs. Every day here comes a huge number of ships and cruise liners that connect Mallorca to the mainland and ensuring the island’s prosperity.
THE CATHEDRAL LA SEU
The Cathedral of Palma or the Cathedral Santa maría de Palma, best known under a third name – “La seu”, the architectural gem of the Balearic Islands. This is one of the most famous Gothic buildings in Europe and the largest built in the Middle ages. Continue reading
Small popularity of Gothic art in Italy is very interesting due to Italians. According to some theories of art, the novelty of the Gothic corresponded to the aspirations of the Italian artists of the late middle Ages. But the spirit of Gothic art, its formal principles have not responded to the tradition of Italian art. Language and means of expression of the Gothic, a strong urge of cathedrals were up in the eyes of the Italians ambition to nowhere, not having a purpose. Clearly rhythmical architecture, in which was laid the trend of endless repetition, does not respond to the requests of the masters, who are accustomed to see in any work strict proportions and completeness of the composition. At the same time, Gothic art seemed sufficiently abstract but from the abstract and tried to leave the artists-artisans of the Italian communes. Romanesque art of Central Italy at the end of Duecento quite realized the desire for a clear and classic proportions. Continue reading
The culture of ancient Egypt is divided into several periods: pre-dynastic, Old, Middle, New Kingdom and Later. And lasts from the fourth Millennium BC — the time of formation and the centralization of governance in the state, until 30-th years BC — rule of the last Pharaoh from the dynasty of Ptolemies (Alexander the great ) and the conquest of the Roman Empire headed by Augustus (Octavian) — a descendant of Julius Caesar. During the existence of the world civilization was made many revolutionary discoveries, the results of which we use in our day.
1. Egyptian achievements in mathematics and astronomy
The first mathematical research was done in Egypt. Residents of the Nile Delta invented the decimal system of calculation, were able to divide and multiply. It was known the value of “PI”, which was taken on the basis of the proportions of the great pyramid of Cheops and the tombs of other pharaohs. The Egyptians knew how to determine area and volume. Continue reading