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10 Gothic cathedrals of medieval Europe.

Gothic cathedrals this is not the iconic structures of the ancient Goths, and the temples, built in the Gothic style of architecture. This architectural style emerged in France in the 12th century, it replaced the Romanesque style.

Gothic architecture spread throughout Western Europe and continued to evolve until the 16th century. With the advent of the Renaissance, the Gothic style began to lose its value. Best Gothic style manifested in the architecture of cathedrals, temples and monasteries. For Gothic narrow and high tower, with a pointed top arches, columns, colorful stained-glass Windows and an ornate facade. An integral part of Gothic art is sculpture. The gloomy figures of gargoyles and mythical creatures served as a particularly common decoration on the walls. The combination of iridescent stained glass, gorgeous patterns and stone statues of figures create an inimitable ensemble. Continue reading

Bruges town hall and Burg square

From the past story we already know, what is a Belfry. and how is it different from the town hall and met with Belfry in Bruges — the city’s symbol. Today is the turn of the town hall (Stadhuis van Brugge) — sights of the Gothic architecture of the fifteenth century, a bright example of the development of the medieval Flemish city. The town hall is on the square, the Burg, which, along with neighbouring Large Market square is the main square in Bruges.

A small paved square Burg is the epicenter frozen in stone once the greatness of the richest trading cities. Here all plants are not just beautiful, every one of them — a real masterpiece of architectural skill. In the middle ages the square was the political and religious centre of Bruges, and its name translated means “fortress”. Indeed, here once stood a mighty fortress, around which was born in Bruges. After the fortress was destroyed, in the square began to grow a fine Gothic building, which seem to compete with each other in elegance and beauty.

On three sides the square is surrounded by an ensemble of magnificent buildings, from the fourth to the Park. The square is surrounded by the Palais de Justice with its exquisite facade (classical style), house Corporation(Baroque), home Records (the office, the epoch of Renaissance), an urban town house (Stadthuis, Gothic style) and the Basilica. Blood (Romanesque and Gothic). Continue reading

5 major achievements of ancient Egypt

The culture of ancient Egypt is divided into several periods: pre-dynastic, Old, Middle, New Kingdom and Later. And lasts from the fourth Millennium BC — the time of formation and the centralization of governance in the state, until 30-th years BC — rule of the last Pharaoh from the dynasty of Ptolemies (Alexander the great ) and the conquest of the Roman Empire headed by Augustus (Octavian) — a descendant of Julius Caesar. During the existence of the world civilization was made many revolutionary discoveries, the results of which we use in our day.

1. Egyptian achievements in mathematics and astronomy

The first mathematical research was done in Egypt. Residents of the Nile Delta invented the decimal system of calculation, were able to divide and multiply. It was known the value of “PI”, which was taken on the basis of the proportions of the great pyramid of Cheops and the tombs of other pharaohs. The Egyptians knew how to determine area and volume. Continue reading