elements

10 Gothic cathedrals of medieval Europe.

Gothic cathedrals this is not the iconic structures of the ancient Goths, and the temples, built in the Gothic style of architecture. This architectural style emerged in France in the 12th century, it replaced the Romanesque style.

Gothic architecture spread throughout Western Europe and continued to evolve until the 16th century. With the advent of the Renaissance, the Gothic style began to lose its value. Best Gothic style manifested in the architecture of cathedrals, temples and monasteries. For Gothic narrow and high tower, with a pointed top arches, columns, colorful stained-glass Windows and an ornate facade. An integral part of Gothic art is sculpture. The gloomy figures of gargoyles and mythical creatures served as a particularly common decoration on the walls. The combination of iridescent stained glass, gorgeous patterns and stone statues of figures create an inimitable ensemble. Continue reading

The Structure Of The World.

There is a space, infinite and unlimited. Imagine the space, only with an unlimited number of dimensions. Inside this space there are WORLDS (limited), and our including. Worlds may be limited or unlimited(like ours) in size. In this space (that’s what I call Chaos) are region, full of energy heaps of free(and unfree. ) Energy, Tree times and much more. The tree of times-some structure, which is strung on some Worlds (including ours), but not all. The movement of the worlds and gives us the notion of time. There is

the concept of fate in the form: imagine a tree(I did Tree times), with a highly branched structure. Branches and bifurcation

predefined, but vyvorotki depends on the person (the upward movement). All the trees of the Fate of all the active forces of the World, United together, form the Tree of Peace. It is the projection of the Tree Times for this world. Trees Worlds do not interfere with each other, they are independent (think of beskonechnomernykh Chaos). They are the Tree. Continue reading

The materials for underground construction, underground construction.

The material with which to build underground structures, must have a high resistance, water resistance, erode, frost resistance and fire resistance. Due to the complexity of reconstruction of underground facilities, their service life should be longer than the land-based structures, respectively, the materials for the manufacture of such structures needs to be better. Materials which meet such requirement are: steel, cast iron, concrete and reinforced concrete. When erecting concrete structures concrete its hardness should not be less than “B15”, and the thickness of load-bearing elements not less than 20 cm. For prestressed concrete structures the concrete grade shall not be less than “B25”. Mark of concrete on water resistance should not be less than “B-6” for structures located in soil moisture hanged. Estimated supports of concrete in concrete and reinforced concrete structures take accordingly to the current normative document. Continue reading