Good day. In the latest episode of our program “a walk through Historical Prague monuments” welcome Lucia Dvořák. Today we will talk about the architecture of Prague Gothic of the period.
The Gothic style penetrated to Prague in the 1st half of the 13th century simultaneously with the emergence of new monastic orders: Dominicans, mineralov, the poor Clares and magdalenian. The Gothic period lasted until the early 16th century. During this period, especially during the reign of Charles the Fourth, Prague expressive rose, as it was founded the New town of Prague. Prague thus became one of the largest European cities. March 3, 1348, the year of Charles the Fourth gave a Charter and already on March 26 was laid the first stone of the city. In the New town is still a few Gothic Church buildings.
Italian humanist Umberto Decembrio in 1399, the year of Prague wrote:
“The beautiful buildings, the city puts up, lots of pretty streets around the centre, and each of them are then of special proceedings are held. Great are unfinished temples that Karel the Fourth during his life, commanded to build “. Continue reading
High vaulted ceiling, columns, arches, tall Windows with stained-glass Windows — that the Gothic style was the leading trend in the XIII – XV centuries. Gem Germany is undoubtedly the Cologne Cathedral of the Saints Peter and Mary. This is one of the largest cathedrals in Europe. Huge towers of the Cologne Cathedral are visible from almost any point in the city. This Cathedral has a special place in all of Gothic architecture.
The Cathedral is a Basilica of huge reddish stone of trachyte, with an area of about 8500 square meters. Cathedral length — 144 m, width of transept — 83 meters, height of the building to the ridge of the roof is about 60 meters. On the Western facade of the Cathedral has two huge towers topped with pointed spires. They rise to a height of 157 meters. Outside on the building — weight support of the pilasters, galleries, pass-through gratings, and its main portal is richly decorated with sculptural plasticity, decorative thread that is repeated from tier to tier of pointed arches. The huge main hall of the Cathedral is surrounded by many chapels and chapels and the vaulting is supported by columns with a height of 44 meters. Wall and floor of the Cathedral is lined in grey Rhine stones. Two steep spiral staircases — in 509 steps each leading to the bell tower, located inside the towers. Continue reading
The innovation technical solution consisted of the following: arch stopped to lean on the solid walls of the building, a massive barrel vault replaced the ribbed openwork cross, the pressure of the vault is transmitted by the ribs and arches on pillars. The resulting horizontal stress is perceived by the flying buttresses and buttresses.
The flying buttresses of Strasbourg Cathedral
“The ribbed vault was much easier Romanesque: decreased and vertical pressure and horizontal stress. Ribbed arch of his heels rested on pillars-the foundations, not walls; the thrust of it was clearly identified and strictly localized, and the Builder, it was clear where and how this wall should be “redeemed”. In addition, the ribbed arch had known flexibility. Shrinkage of the soil, catastrophic for the Romanesque arches, was relatively safe. Finally, the ribbed arch had the advantage of being allowed to overlap the space of irregular shape”. Continue reading