Gothic cathedrals this is not the iconic structures of the ancient Goths, and the temples, built in the Gothic style of architecture. This architectural style emerged in France in the 12th century, it replaced the Romanesque style.
Gothic architecture spread throughout Western Europe and continued to evolve until the 16th century. With the advent of the Renaissance, the Gothic style began to lose its value. Best Gothic style manifested in the architecture of cathedrals, temples and monasteries. For Gothic narrow and high tower, with a pointed top arches, columns, colorful stained-glass Windows and an ornate facade. An integral part of Gothic art is sculpture. The gloomy figures of gargoyles and mythical creatures served as a particularly common decoration on the walls. The combination of iridescent stained glass, gorgeous patterns and stone statues of figures create an inimitable ensemble. Continue reading
1. St. Basil’s Cathedral
Its construction began in the XVI century
Pokrovsky Cathedral, also known as the temple, many believe the symbol of Moscow and whole Russia. Nobody is not set to the name of the master who built it. According to the legend, on the orders of Tsar Ivan the terrible blinded the Creator to nowhere and he never reproduced the unique architecture of the Cathedral. In Stalin’s time, the temple, its bright “candy” style sharply contrasted with the strict walls of the Kremlin and discontinously with demonstrations on red square, it was decided to demolish. From destruction saved him brave protest scholar-restorer, which cost the last several years of camps.
2. The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore Continue reading
Small popularity of Gothic art in Italy is very interesting due to Italians. According to some theories of art, the novelty of the Gothic corresponded to the aspirations of the Italian artists of the late middle Ages. But the spirit of Gothic art, its formal principles have not responded to the tradition of Italian art. Language and means of expression of the Gothic, a strong urge of cathedrals were up in the eyes of the Italians ambition to nowhere, not having a purpose. Clearly rhythmical architecture, in which was laid the trend of endless repetition, does not respond to the requests of the masters, who are accustomed to see in any work strict proportions and completeness of the composition. At the same time, Gothic art seemed sufficiently abstract but from the abstract and tried to leave the artists-artisans of the Italian communes. Romanesque art of Central Italy at the end of Duecento quite realized the desire for a clear and classic proportions. Continue reading