oldest

Mysterious structures

Imagine a densely populated Japan, where every piece of land is gold. And on this territory there are places where no man had trod for hundreds of years. These places are called copany.

Kofun — is an ancient burial emperors in Japanese — barrow. Classic kofun has the shape of a keyhole, around which dug a water-filled moat, and sometimes even two.

Japanese kofun, originates from the ancient tombs of China. The name of the kofun are megalithic tombs, for example Ishibutai kofun. In the narrow sense of the kofun is the burial of partially elongated shape, common in Japan between the 2nd half of the III century BC and the first half of the seventh century BC From this term comes the name of the Kofun period (300-538 years), which is part of the Yamato period in Japanese history.

There is an entrance, gate, bridge. Everything is closed and participation is forbidden by Japanese tradition. Continue reading

Gothic Prague

Good day. In the latest episode of our program “a walk through Historical Prague monuments” welcome Lucia Dvořák. Today we will talk about the architecture of Prague Gothic of the period.

The Gothic style penetrated to Prague in the 1st half of the 13th century simultaneously with the emergence of new monastic orders: Dominicans, mineralov, the poor Clares and magdalenian. The Gothic period lasted until the early 16th century. During this period, especially during the reign of Charles the Fourth, Prague expressive rose, as it was founded the New town of Prague. Prague thus became one of the largest European cities. March 3, 1348, the year of Charles the Fourth gave a Charter and already on March 26 was laid the first stone of the city. In the New town is still a few Gothic Church buildings.

Italian humanist Umberto Decembrio in 1399, the year of Prague wrote:

“The beautiful buildings, the city puts up, lots of pretty streets around the centre, and each of them are then of special proceedings are held. Great are unfinished temples that Karel the Fourth during his life, commanded to build “. Continue reading

Bruges town hall and Burg square

From the past story we already know, what is a Belfry. and how is it different from the town hall and met with Belfry in Bruges — the city’s symbol. Today is the turn of the town hall (Stadhuis van Brugge) — sights of the Gothic architecture of the fifteenth century, a bright example of the development of the medieval Flemish city. The town hall is on the square, the Burg, which, along with neighbouring Large Market square is the main square in Bruges.

A small paved square Burg is the epicenter frozen in stone once the greatness of the richest trading cities. Here all plants are not just beautiful, every one of them — a real masterpiece of architectural skill. In the middle ages the square was the political and religious centre of Bruges, and its name translated means “fortress”. Indeed, here once stood a mighty fortress, around which was born in Bruges. After the fortress was destroyed, in the square began to grow a fine Gothic building, which seem to compete with each other in elegance and beauty.

On three sides the square is surrounded by an ensemble of magnificent buildings, from the fourth to the Park. The square is surrounded by the Palais de Justice with its exquisite facade (classical style), house Corporation(Baroque), home Records (the office, the epoch of Renaissance), an urban town house (Stadthuis, Gothic style) and the Basilica. Blood (Romanesque and Gothic). Continue reading