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10 Gothic cathedrals of medieval Europe.

Gothic cathedrals this is not the iconic structures of the ancient Goths, and the temples, built in the Gothic style of architecture. This architectural style emerged in France in the 12th century, it replaced the Romanesque style.

Gothic architecture spread throughout Western Europe and continued to evolve until the 16th century. With the advent of the Renaissance, the Gothic style began to lose its value. Best Gothic style manifested in the architecture of cathedrals, temples and monasteries. For Gothic narrow and high tower, with a pointed top arches, columns, colorful stained-glass Windows and an ornate facade. An integral part of Gothic art is sculpture. The gloomy figures of gargoyles and mythical creatures served as a particularly common decoration on the walls. The combination of iridescent stained glass, gorgeous patterns and stone statues of figures create an inimitable ensemble. Continue reading

Gothic Prague

Good day. In the latest episode of our program “a walk through Historical Prague monuments” welcome Lucia Dvořák. Today we will talk about the architecture of Prague Gothic of the period.

The Gothic style penetrated to Prague in the 1st half of the 13th century simultaneously with the emergence of new monastic orders: Dominicans, mineralov, the poor Clares and magdalenian. The Gothic period lasted until the early 16th century. During this period, especially during the reign of Charles the Fourth, Prague expressive rose, as it was founded the New town of Prague. Prague thus became one of the largest European cities. March 3, 1348, the year of Charles the Fourth gave a Charter and already on March 26 was laid the first stone of the city. In the New town is still a few Gothic Church buildings.

Italian humanist Umberto Decembrio in 1399, the year of Prague wrote:

“The beautiful buildings, the city puts up, lots of pretty streets around the centre, and each of them are then of special proceedings are held. Great are unfinished temples that Karel the Fourth during his life, commanded to build “. Continue reading

The materials for underground construction, underground construction.

The material with which to build underground structures, must have a high resistance, water resistance, erode, frost resistance and fire resistance. Due to the complexity of reconstruction of underground facilities, their service life should be longer than the land-based structures, respectively, the materials for the manufacture of such structures needs to be better. Materials which meet such requirement are: steel, cast iron, concrete and reinforced concrete. When erecting concrete structures concrete its hardness should not be less than “B15”, and the thickness of load-bearing elements not less than 20 cm. For prestressed concrete structures the concrete grade shall not be less than “B25”. Mark of concrete on water resistance should not be less than “B-6” for structures located in soil moisture hanged. Estimated supports of concrete in concrete and reinforced concrete structures take accordingly to the current normative document. Continue reading