Who built the tunnels under Europe?

In the old days any more or less self-respecting city or castle had its dungeons and underground passages. At least so people think. So, by themselves, these underground structures are not uncommon and do not cause surprise. However, among the dungeons there are objects, the purpose of which still remains a mystery to scientists. The first tunnels under Europe were discovered in the nineteenth century. It turned out that the network of underground tunnels underneath some ancient cities that can be interconnected to form multi-kilometer system messages. These networks of tunnels were pooled, according to the researchers, the territory of modern Turkey, Hungary, Austria, Germany, France, Scotland and Ireland.

The catacombs cover a territory from Scotland and the Atlantic coast of France to the Mediterranean sea, that is practically stretched across all of Western Europe. This fact confronts scientists several issues. The first and probably the main one – what is the purpose of these structures? It is also important to understand who and when they were excavated, using what technology it was made and why no mention of such an ambitious project we do not find in any European Chronicles, the tale or the legend?

Some studies conducted in recent years has only increased the questions that still remain unanswered. Meanwhile, the scale of the ancient system of underground communicativity. In Bavaria found more than 700 such tunnel, in Austria, about 500 turns, which they call a “Goblin hole”. Some of them were known in the middle ages and was considered the Church the “gateway to hell”. The total length of underground tunnels is thousands of miles away.

Recently, the German archaeologist Heinrich Kusch has released a book called “Secrets of the underground door to an ancient world”, which immediately became a bestseller. In this book Dr. Kushch sets out the conclusions to which he came as a result of years of studying ancient tunnels in Germany and Austria. According to the archaeologist, underground passages is much older than people might think. The oldest could be up to 12 thousand years. In other words, facilities have been built in the stone age! The question remains – to whom and, most importantly, why it took such a gigantic network of underground tunnels?

Dungeons are vaulted tunnels of around 70cm. in diameter, clearly man-made origin. There are places in and wider, where, in the view of some researchers, could lie underground Parking of ancient people. There is a hypothesis that in these passages the ancient ancestors of Europeans were hiding from enemies, predators and natural disasters. The hypothesis is quite controversial, as it does not explain to any great extent of buildings, nor too small for an adult diameter of the moves. In addition, such moves are unlikely to be able to protect people from these troubles, and low and narrow tunnels, where the person would have to move on all fours and squatting, is unlikely to allow someone to escape. Involuntarily comes to mind folk stories about dwarves, gnomes, goblins and other diminutive the people who inhabited the caves and dungeons of Western European folklore.

Heinrich Kusch believes that the network of caves in ancient times was much more ambitious, but was gradually destroyed by time and people. Found in some places, the wall reliefs and inscriptions indicate that in more recent times, the catacombs were actually used for the shipment of prohibited pagan cults, there were the zealots and other outcasts of the then society. However, it is clear that these tunnels were created not for them, but someone who lived much earlier. A more careful study and Dating of the European vaults to scientists have yet.