Gothic churches

Small popularity of Gothic art in Italy is very interesting due to Italians. According to some theories of art, the novelty of the Gothic corresponded to the aspirations of the Italian artists of the late middle Ages. But the spirit of Gothic art, its formal principles have not responded to the tradition of Italian art. Language and means of expression of the Gothic, a strong urge of cathedrals were up in the eyes of the Italians ambition to nowhere, not having a purpose. Clearly rhythmical architecture, in which was laid the trend of endless repetition, does not respond to the requests of the masters, who are accustomed to see in any work strict proportions and completeness of the composition. At the same time, Gothic art seemed sufficiently abstract but from the abstract and tried to leave the artists-artisans of the Italian communes. Romanesque art of Central Italy at the end of Duecento quite realized the desire for a clear and classic proportions.

So, the Gothic style that came to Italy from the other side of the Alps, from France, has not penetrated to the end of artistic culture in urban communes, although it was acquired by Italian architects in XII – XIV centuries as the ecclesiastical and civil architecture. Duecento in Italy – still the domination of Romanesque architecture, coupled with the Gothic elements – both structural(arches, new design of vaults), and decorative (decoration of the portals, Church Windows). First began to build Gothic churches, the monks of the Cistercian order, however, and in these churches felt a strong influence of art Romanesque – thick walls, the structural simplicity of the buildings. The first half of Duecento is either a combination of the two directions with a deliberate play on the contrast or primarily ornamental the presence of Gothic elements. Only since the second half of the XIII century Gothic style finally prevailed over Roman art. More and more moving away from heavy, static structures Romanesque, Italian Church architecture of this period tended to use graphic tools Gothic in the framework of a long cultural tradition of classical art.