10 common misconceptions about the greatest structures of the world
Great architectural buildings that successfully withstood the test of time . despite the devastating warriors and natural disasters, often fraught with many mysteries and secrets.
The construction of many of them overgrown with legends and myths . which remain in the history through the centuries and reaches us. We offer together with us to dispel various myths about the most famous of the great buildings of mankind.
Blind the architects of St. Basil’s Cathedral?
Located on red square in Moscow world famous St. Basil’s Cathedral . also known as the Cathedral of the Intercession of the blessed virgin Mary . striking in its beauty even contemporaries. The temple with brightly painted domes reminiscent of a fairytale Palace.
The Cathedral is included in the list of world heritage of UNESCO . it was built in 1555-1561 by order of Ivan the terrible . According to the legend, the king ordered to blind the architects after completion of the work, so they could never build anything more beautiful this Cathedral.
However, all this is just a legend. There is written evidence that 25 years after the construction of the Cathedral and 4 years after Ivan’s death, these same architects were hired to expand the Cathedral. If they were blind, not able to do revision.
Where lives the Queen of England?
Korolevaognya Elizabeth II lives in Buckingham Palace . as you can read in any textbook in English English or modern history. Her Royal Majesty recognizes that the official place of residence finds another place . namely, St. James’s Palace on pall Mall in London, where representatives of the Royal family have lived for 4 hundred years.
This old Palace was built between 1531 and 1536 and was for years the official residence of the British monarchy until 1837 . while Queen Victoria did not build a more modern Buckingham Palace.
St. James’s Palace
Moreover, the third official residence of the Queens, at least in summer, is Windsor castle . beautiful castle in Windsor.
A new York city skyscraper and coin
There is a myth that if you throw a coin from the top floor of the Empire state building . it can kill someone below. That is, the skyscraper is so huge that coin, flying all the floors to reach such a speed that landed on the heads of passers, may instantly deprive him of life.
Luckily for new Yorkers and visitors who decided to walk next to the skyscraper, being killed by coin no . Flat surface flying coins will meet air resistance. If the environment was a vacuum, the coin would have reached the speed limit. But even with such incredible speed it would only have caused minor pain . but are unable to kill.
What is big Ben?
The world famous clock tower of the Palace of Westminster often referred to as big Ben, but actually big Ben is the bell, not the tower . Until September 2012 it was just the Clock tower . but today it is officially the Elizabeth Tower in honor of the 60th anniversary of the reign of Queen Elizabeth II.
In reality big Ben is the bell
Big Ben – the largest bell of 6 the bells of the Palace . The weight of 13.7 tons, and its name according to one version it was named after Benjamin Hall . who worked on his casting.
Sunset over the Thames. View of Westminster Palace and Elizabeth tower
When did the White house become white?
The legend says that after construction in the period between 1792 and 1800 the White house was gray and white, he was somewhat later. In 1814 . when the Anglo-American war, which remained in history as the War of 1812 . was still raging, British forces did what it is not in their spirit – set fire to the White house . After the war the building was restored and perekrestno white in color, hence the name.
Picture Of Tom Freeman. The fire at the White house on 24 August 1814
Partially this is a true story: the Brits really started the fire at the White house in 1814. However, part of the house was really white before the fire. White he became in 1798 . when painted with white paint to protect from winter weather. The name “White house” building was received in 1811 . three years before the fire.
The official residence of the President of the United States the White House today, the Washington (D.C.)
Why there is nothing higher than the Capitol?
It may seem strange that in the U.S. capital, Washington has no skyscrapers . Almost all the capitals of the world today, you can find very high buildings, some hundreds of floors. It is believed that local laws forbid the construction of skyscrapers because no other building must not be higher than the Capitol building of the U.S. Congress, since nothing in this town must be above politics.
The U.S. capital, the Washington (D.C.)
Actually that is not true. The reason why Washington has no skyscrapers, lies elsewhere. According to the Act on the height of buildings from 1910 . all city buildings should be no more than 6 meters above . than the width of the streets. The founders of the city believed that the capital should be “low and convenient”.
The Capitol building US Congress, Washington (D.C.)
The experiments of Galileo – fiction?
Galileo Galilei – the famous Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher who in order to spent dozens of science experiments. One of his most famous experiments, when he dumped the leaning tower of Pisa with two cannonballs in order to demonstrate that two bodies of different mass but the same shape made of the earth with the same speed.
However, historians doubt that Galileo actually did such experiments, as in none of his works he left no descriptions of these experiments.
Who built Stonehenge?
Many believe that Stonehenge is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world . it was built by druids – poets and priests of the ancient Celts. The link between druids and Stonehenge was found by the archaeologist John Aubrey in 1640, the year, and up until the 19th century, this theory prevailed.
However, modern archaeological methods to prove that Stonehenge could be built by anyone, not just druids. The design of this building was not constructed immediately, the construction lasted for many centuries .
The construction of Stonehenge began in the late 2nd – early 3rd Millennium BC . and then followed by other phases of construction. He began to build local cultures of the Neolithic period who lived in the British Isles at the time and were somewhat isolated from the rest of Europe
Where are the victims of dam Gevera?
Dam of Gevura in the USA on the Colorado river is one of the largest dams in the world . Its construction, which took more than 5 years between 1931 and 1936 . demanded a Herculean effort, killing 96 people. According to legend, many workers were buried in the concrete of the dam, and their remains still lie there.
The fact that the dam was 96 victims – true, but what some of them are buried in the concrete – real invention. A dam constructed of thousands of tightly fitting plates . each of which were cast independently of the other and brought into place.
Another interesting fact is associated with the dam Gevera. The first person who died in the preparations for the construction of the dam – j. G. Tierney . and the latest victim of the dam was his son, Patrick W. Tierney . died on the same day as his father, but 13 years later.
Seen the Great Wall of China from space?
The great Wall of China is the most ambitious construction project in history. Moreover, this is the longest wall in the world, and some believe that it is even visible from space. This myth became so popular that it appeared even in Chinese school textbooks .
However, the wall is cannot be seen from space, contrary to the popular belief. It is proved in 2003 Jan leva . one of Chinese astronauts, people who knew exactly where to look and where to look for the wall.
Former NASA astronaut Jeffrey Hoffman also told me that although couldn’t be seen from space great Wall of China saw a major highway, a road in the desert and irrigation channels, as they simply differed in color from the environment .