PALMA DE MALLORCA
Palma de Mallorca was founded by the Roman Consul Ceciliam Metellus in 123 BC era as a Roman camp. Palma survived the capture of the Byzantine Empire and the colonization of the Moors. And was taken by the Aragonese king Jaime the Conqueror. Each era has left its mark in the history and architecture of the city. It is the capital not only of the island but the whole archipelago, in addition to consists of Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza, Formentera and numerous smaller Islands. Here there are palaces and cathedrals, museums and the fortress. Palma de Mallorca is the permanent summer residence of the Spanish monarchs. Every day here comes a huge number of ships and cruise liners that connect Mallorca to the mainland and ensuring the island’s prosperity.
THE CATHEDRAL LA SEU
The Cathedral of Palma or the Cathedral Santa maría de Palma, best known under a third name – “La seu”, the architectural gem of the Balearic Islands. This is one of the most famous Gothic buildings in Europe and the largest built in the Middle ages. Cathedral La seu is situated in southern Palma de Mallorca, close to the sea. Its height is 121 m, width of 55 meters. The Cathedral was founded on the site of an ancient mosque in 1231, as a symbol of paediatricians on the island. And yet, the Cathedral was completed only in the seventeenth, having absorbed practically all the artistic styles. Recent innovations in design have made even the great Gaudi.
THE CHURCH OF ST. FRANCIS
The Church Of St. Francis was founded during the rule of James II in the XIII century. The monastery complex consists of Church, a Gothic gallery and some outbuildings. The facade consists of the impregnable walls of pink Sandstone with a round window over the entrance, decorated with delicate carvings. Attractive objects of the Church are closed the gallery-cloister in the Gothic style, as well as the sarcophagus where is buried the writer and friar Raymond into Lully. And picturesque inner courtyard of the complex, surrounded by cypress trees, exotic lemons, palm trees and oleanders that adorn local Gothic building. The Central facade of the monastery complex is crowned by a Baroque portal with the image of the virgin Mary ascension. Reliefs in the side there are figures of Saint Dominic and Saint Francis.
The Gothic castle was built in the fourteenth century for king James II. Bellver – white-stone structure is located in a pine forest on a hill. The unique round shape of the structure and a reliable system of protection was the fact that the castle is “reincarnated” into a fortress and was used as reinforcement. In the Middle ages Bellver has survived several sieges, and only once fell into the hands of the enemy. Since the beginning of the XVIII to mid-XX century the castle served as a military prison. Today the structure houses the Museum of history of the city. The diverse history of the castle today attracts tourists from around the world. From the observation deck of the castle has the most amazing views of scenic areas and the port of Palma.
THE PALACE OF THE ALMUDAINA
Palacio de La Almudaina is one of the oldest palaces in Spain. In the reign of the Moors, the Palace was the residence of the Moorish viziers, and 1230, it became a Royal residence. Here are the military services and the national Museum. The structure has the form of a rectangle with towers on the sides. On top of the tower “angel”, a sculpture of the Archangel Gabriel, who is one of the patrons of the city. “The tower of Heads” is known for its historic value in the XV century on the walls of the tower were hung the heads of dead criminals for all to see. The building itself consists of the king’s Palace, Queen’s Palace, Royal chapel and many courtyards. Interior decoration – tapestries and furniture belonging to different epochs, and demonstrate its rich history. The chapel of St. Anne and the Throne room are decorated in the Romanesque and Gothic styles. On the walls of the chapel of St. Anna depicts the image of mythical animals, and the Throne room attracts the attention of the Royal garden and the rubble of the Arab baths.
The building of the former Trading exchange La Lonja is one of the most beautiful in Mallorca. Built La Lonja was in 1426-1456 years by the architect Gilla Sugrery. This is a wonderful instance of late Gothic architecture on the island. Luxury buildings not only due to the fact that it sat for large merchants. Is the tree at that time was one of the richest cities in the Mediterranean and could afford such expenses. At a later period in the history of this building was used as a granary, and nowadays it hosts exhibitions and other cultural events. The portal of the building decorated with a statue of a guardian angel. Now there are exhibitions and other cultural events.
Maury street in Palma de Mallorca is the most visited street by tourists. Here up to our days has been preserved the spirit of the old Spanish city. The original building and the unique stained glass Windows will help You to travel back to several centuries ago. In addition to the amazing spirit of the time, a street famous for its bookshops. Here you can buy a variety of books and maps, and English bookstore occupies several rooms on different levels, which could be significant for such a small street. From this street you can get to the square, famous for the oldest Church of the Palms – Church of St. Eulalia.
ST. EULALIA’S CHURCH
An excellent example of Catalan Gothic architecture performs the first Christian Church in the region – St. Eulalia. St. Eulalia’s Church built on the site of an Arab mosque, although some sources claim that before the Arabs it was the early Christian Church. The Gothic style is dominant in almost every element of the Church’s ensemble. The interior of this three-nenoi Church are priceless Gothic paintings of the XV century and the image of Jesus Christ. According to the legend, this is the image carried by the king Jaime I during the period of the victorious conquest of the island. The Central facade of the Church was finished in the XIX century in neo-Gothic style.
THE MUSEUM OF PALMA DA MALLORCA
The Museum in the Palace of the XVII century Ka-La-Grand-Christian – is considered the most important Museum of Mallorca. In this Museum You can get a quick and succinct overview of the history of the island. There are exhibits of the epoch of culture laliotou and Roman ruins, Moorish ceramics and Christian art. The main exhibits of the exhibition are considered treasures of the North African Almohad dynasty, discovered in a cave on the island in 1984. This is a series of beautiful prehistoric statues and rare mosaics.