How the ancient Egyptians built
In the beautiful valley of the Nile, surrounded by desert, was born one of the greatest civilizations of mankind that have made significant contributions to the culture and architecture of the ancient world. For the period V Millennium BC — IV century ad, the Egyptians have created many magnificent buildings, architectural structures and sculptures, which at present are specimens of superior craftsmanship. What was the building material of the ancient Egyptians? What technologies are allowed to exist Egyptian structures thousands of years?
In the architecture of Ancient Egypt decided to allocate several periods
In a monumental construction of the main building material of the ancient Egyptians was stone – rocks of Sandstone, granite, limestone, basalt, porphyry, etc. Huge buildings were to be eternal homes for the dead and the gods, to inspire awe and awareness of the power of the lords. With the purpose of giving a specific color tone to structure the Egyptians picked up the stones are different shades and colors. The stone was carved directly from the rocks are quite big boulders in height from 0.8 to 1.2 m, length from 1 to 2.5 m and widths from 0.5 to 1.8 m, were processed and delivered to its destination. To extract the stone the desired size the breed has made several holes, then there were plugged with wooden wedges, which were abundantly specialise water;the tree was greatly distended, the breed was cracked.
The most popular material for construction and repair of the ancient Egyptians was limestone, then Sandstone. Granite used to construct ceilings in stone buildings, the veneer is created from alabaster. The floors were impressive for its weight, but the ancient builders learned to evenly distribute the load between walls, piers and columns. The Egyptians were also familiar with the technology of the vaults, but not used it in construction. Support for different buildings have served as pillars or stone pillars. The columns were plain square section, and more complex multi-faceted cross-section, and columns with vertical grooves, “flutes”.