Good day. In the latest episode of our program “a walk through Historical Prague monuments” welcome Lucia Dvořák. Today we will talk about the architecture of Prague Gothic of the period.
The Gothic style penetrated to Prague in the 1st half of the 13th century simultaneously with the emergence of new monastic orders: Dominicans, mineralov, the poor Clares and magdalenian. The Gothic period lasted until the early 16th century. During this period, especially during the reign of Charles the Fourth, Prague expressive rose, as it was founded the New town of Prague. Prague thus became one of the largest European cities. March 3, 1348, the year of Charles the Fourth gave a Charter and already on March 26 was laid the first stone of the city. In the New town is still a few Gothic Church buildings.
Italian humanist Umberto Decembrio in 1399, the year of Prague wrote:
“The beautiful buildings, the city puts up, lots of pretty streets around the centre, and each of them are then of special proceedings are held. Great are unfinished temples that Karel the Fourth during his life, commanded to build “.
We’ll stroll through the Gothic Prague together with the Prague historian and theatre critic jiří Ploom and talk about the wonderful monuments of Gothic architecture.
The monastery of St. Agnes We nanodispersed extensive complex of the monastery of St. Agnes, which is a first important building in the early Gothic style in Prague. The monastery was founded in 1223, the year king václav First on the initiative of his sister St. Agnes, which led to the Czech Republic the order of poor Clares, and she became the first abbess. But from the monastic Church of St. františek leaving only the Foundation. The monastic buildings were built before the first half of the 14th century. Currently, it houses a collection of Czech paintings of the 19th century.
The old-new synagogue the oldest buildings is the Gothic old-new synagogue, in front of which we find ourselves. At the building of austere appearance, typical of the monuments of early Gothic style. According to one legend, the synagogue was built with stones from the destroyed temple in Jerusalem, which were brought here by pious Jews, on the other they were brought here by the angels themselves.
The synagogue was built in 1270-1280. At first it was called New in contrast to Old school Stuffy in the current street, which no longer exists. But when I was in the 17th century founded another synagogue, known New, this started to be called old-new. The synagogue is worth a visit. It has a large prayer room, divided by two columns in two bays. The foundations are the arches of five parts, the top of which come hold five frames.
The old town square with Church of our lady before týn We are in Zelenoi the street, right where it enters the old town square. Before us the side entrance to the Church of our lady before Tyn, which due to its two towers height of 80 meters is a expressive old town monument. Both towers completed four turrets. Between them the monumental late-Gothic shield, which once housed the sculpture of the Hussite king jiří of poděbrady and the Hussite Cup, because the Church was the main Hussite Church. In the 17th century during the reign against the reformation, the sculpture was replaced by a statue of the virgin Mary, a halo which was made of former Hussite chalice. Construction began in the 1st half of the 14th century, but was only completed in the early 16th century.
Now we are at the old town square in front of the House at the Stone bell. It is a medieval Palace with a Gothic gable, which is found under the demolished Baroque façade. More ancient Gothic object in the first quarter of the 14th century was rebuilt, obviously, for John of Luxembourg and his wife Elizabeth of Premyslovice. In the house in some places, the frescoes of the early 14th century.
We are in front of the old town hall. The town hall was built on the basis of the exclusive rights of John of Luxembourg in 1338, the year when the town Council bought the house from Stone Wolfline that successive reconstructions and add-ons got its present appearance.
We recommend you to pay attention to late Gothic portal was built in the third quarter of the 15th century. Next to it is the Gothic window, decorated with coats of arms of Prague, Bohemian Kingdom and capital letters in the name of king Vladislav Jagiellonian.
Chimes Visitors are most interested in chimes. They were created in 1410, the year the clockmaker mikuláš of kadaň and astronomer Jan Sindel. In 1490, the year the chimes were repaired master Ganush from Rouge, whose legend is incorrectly named.
Now we are standing in front of old town mestnoi tower, built in 1380, the year the Builder Petr Parler. He protected her from the effects of weather and time not only quality work but also a magical trap on the side is a Latin inscription that can be read equally from the beginning and the end, and its translation means: “Notice, notice and take heed, touch me, I perish.” The painting of the tower resembles a medieval vision of the universe, broken into several areas.
Charles bridge We just passed under the arch mestnoi tower and found ourselves on the Charles bridge. It was built on the site of the former Judith bridge, destroyed by flood in 1342, the year. The length of the Charles bridge is 520 meters and the width 9.5 meters. The first stone of Charles bridge was laid in 1357, the year, the 9th of July at 5 hours and 31 minutes. This accuracy is not meaningless, if you write these numbers in succession, you get some odd numbers from 1 to 9 and back. Such a thing was to ensure that the bridge will be more durable. Despite this, several times it was demolished by a flood. We crossed the bridge over the Vltava river and Lesser town mestnymi are in front of a gate with two towers. The smaller one is included in the composition of the primordial strengthening of Judith bridge, the bigger one was built in 1464, the year.
We passed through a Small Country and now we are in front of the Church of St. Vitus at Prague castle.
Cathedral Church of St. Vitus We are facing a monumental building, which will attract attention, first of all, the richness of Gothic supporting system. The temple was supposed to remind the outside “city of God”, so I can always see Fiala (turret), hints of brownies billboards, walkways, stairs and railings. Under the roof you can see Gothic gargoyles for water drainage. They have the faces of monsters, devils and evil creatures. Cathedral Church with their help are protected from attacks of impure forces, because, according to legend, the demon is frightened of his own image and leave.
The main nave and choir in the Cathedral of St. Vitus Cathedral the First stone of the Church was laid by the king John of Luxembourg on 21 November 1344-year in the presence of Prince Wenceslas, the future king Charles the Fourth. The first Builder of the temple became in the period at 1344 1352 year Matyas of Arras, which was built in the classic linear style of the French Cathedral churches, eight chapels in the closure of the temple. After his death it took over the 23-year-old Peter Parler of Gmund. Thanks to his original ideas he this Cathedral Church has secured a worthy place among the most outstanding buildings of this type. Until his death in 1399, the year of the Parler managed to build the rest of the chapel choir, to create trifari and arched doorway. He began to build flying cross and Church spire and prudently ended the choir of the temporary wall. This “temporary” the wall has stood for nearly 500 years. Construction actually only resumed at the end of the 19th century, and the Church was consecrated in 1929, the year.
Vladislav hall in the Old Palace at Prague Castle we are Now in front of the Royal Palace of Prague castle. The Gothic Palace of Charles the Fourth after the Hussite wars resumed and rebuilt after 1487, the year in the late Gothic style of king Vladislav Jagiellonian. We entered the Palace and now nahodkinskom hall, the largest secular space of medieval Prague.
The hall was built in the years 1492-1502 according to the plans of the late Gothic architect Benedict Reid. The length of the hall 62 meters, width of 16 meters and a height of 13 meters. Its star-shaped vault was brought very bravely wound the frames, which mutually cross each other, and often without end, and form the vaults of complex star-shaped ornament.
In conclusion, a few words about housing. The most typical element then was arcade, who extended the object toward the street. Above the arcades then arose the residential floors. Arcade games were first made of wood, but the fire of the Old town in 1316, the year became a reason for the construction of stone houses including arcade.
Special considered houses tower in Gothic based Havelska the city. One building has been preserved near the Piazza Ovocny TRH (Fruit market).
This concludes our today’s walk. After a month, I invite you to walk through the Prague of the Renaissance.