Imagine a densely populated Japan, where every piece of land is gold. And on this territory there are places where no man had trod for hundreds of years. These places are called copany.
Kofun — is an ancient burial emperors in Japanese — barrow. Classic kofun has the shape of a keyhole, around which dug a water-filled moat, and sometimes even two.
Japanese kofun, originates from the ancient tombs of China. The name of the kofun are megalithic tombs, for example Ishibutai kofun. In the narrow sense of the kofun is the burial of partially elongated shape, common in Japan between the 2nd half of the III century BC and the first half of the seventh century BC From this term comes the name of the Kofun period (300-538 years), which is part of the Yamato period in Japanese history.
There is an entrance, gate, bridge. Everything is closed and participation is forbidden by Japanese tradition.
These Islands unspoiled nature, plants and animals that cannot be found anywhere else. For example Tanuki — Japanese raccoon dogs, who sometimes come from the island and scaring the residents of nearby residential areas.
The largest kofun, Nicocure is located near Osaka, its length is about 486 meters long and 305 meters, height – 33 meters, and the area – 464,124 square meters. In it is buried the Emperor of Nintoku, who died in the 4th century ad.
This mound of Inariyama (5 century BC) the Construction has a characteristic formulalocal well. The total length of the mound 120 meters.
By the end of March 2001 in Japan, it was found 161.560 tombs of kofun, the largest number of them in the prefectures of Hyogo, Chiba, Tottori, Fukuoka and Kyoto.
Burial mounds from the kofun can be of various shapes. The oldest of them is semicircular, there are also rectangular and square; the most common is in the form of a key hole.
The last burial chamber is a circular “hole” key-growing “beard” is oriented to the South or East.
Mounds of divided segments, the so-called “steps” that go from the base of the kofun to the top of the hill. Kofun 1-2 degrees usually belonged to the local aristocracy, starting from 3 stages were erected already Imperial kofun. The tomb of the Emperor Nintoku has a 7-speed.
Imperial kofun remain to date unexplored, because in Japan they are seen not as monuments, but as a private burial.
Low volume of scientific work must be carried out only when the restoration work.