The Church in nice. The Tsesarevich Nicholas.
Today we would like to tell you about the heir to the throne is crown Prince Nicholas, with the tragic fate of which is directly connected to temple relic – the icon of Saint Nicholas.
The heir Tsesarevich and Grand Duke, the first son of crown Prince Alexander Nikolayevich (later Emperor Alexander II) and the Princess Royal (later Empress) Maria Alexandrovna. Was born on 8 September 1843 at Tsarskoe Selo, died on 12 April 1865 in nice. The main feature of the crown Prince, is the cordiality that one of his teachers, A. I. Chivilev, was acknowledged even by excessive. According to him, “the Heir of Grand Duke Nicholas Alexandrovich was smart, capable to work thoughts and sympathized with all its highest interests, but was too soft heart.” This softness of the heart joined at the Heir with a weak Constitution, which faces surrounding him, and the Emperor himself, did not notice. The Emperor thought that his son est trop effemine and recommended that it physical exercises that could give him more courage and courage. Incidentally, at the request of the Sovereign, the Heir to the throne was adopted in 1860 and participated in the race on the racetrack in Tsarskoye Selo, which was for him the fatal meaning: the great Prince fell off a horse and hurt my back and bruised place has become since then the focus of all subsequent suffering.
“Tall, slim, beautiful, smart, lively and friendly, he was able to charm and bind itself to all who came to him. All the surrounding atmosphere breathed some intimate and sublime order.”
In April of 1864 resolved the issue about sending it to a new, foreign, journey. Count S. G. Stroganov was developed detailed plan of this trip in the sense of research and education; however, it was meant to give the crown Prince an opportunity to make the heart choice of the bride.
In memory of the visit of the crown Prince of Zaandam kN. P. A. Vyazemsky wrote, by the death of the Heir, a touching poem in which he called the crown Prince “the minute a guest, like an angel, gleaming on the earth, but not earth dweller”. A sad feeling began to disturb the Prince at the very beginning of his stay in Scheveningen, but they scattered the message of armistice between Denmark and Prussia, which opened him the opportunity to visit Denmark.
On arrival in Copenhagen the crown Prince stayed at the house of our envoy, Baron N. P. Nicolai. The next day he accompanied by a retinue went to Fredensborg castle, where he was accepted by all the Royal family. Having lived in Denmark for about three weeks, the crown Prince decided to make an offer he liked extremely the Princess Dagmar, and after getting assurance that his feelings are separated by a Princess, went to Darmstadt to ask parents permission to make this proposal.
September 13, 1864 from the Keel to the crown Prince with his Entourage again went to Copenhagen, and on 20 September there was an engagement it and the same day was sent to Darmstadt, Prince V. A. Baryatinsky to ispolenie the parental blessing on the betrothal. After giving his consent, the king has ordered to announce the betrothal of the Heir to the throne with the Danish Princess Dagmar residents of the capital 101 cannon shot. 30 September (12 October), the Heir to the throne to bid farewell to bride and went to Darmstadt, where he was met by the Tsar and the Empress. In Venice appeared first alarming signs of disease: the crown Prince felt very tired and in the last days he had already weakened with interest examined pictures.
Orthodox Church in nice. The interior decoration.
From Turin, the crown Prince drove to Genoa and nice, where he arrived in the winter the Empress. At this time, the crown Prince, despite repeated bouts of illness, was full of bright hope and dreaming of their future family. “Now I’m at the shore”, he said: “God willing, we will rest and will be strengthened in winter in Italy, then wedding, then a new life, family, service and work”… it’s Time. The life of a Vagabond I’m tired… Scheveningen all black thoughts climbed in a head. In Denmark they went away and gave way to pink. Will not be mistaken if I say that my fiancee gave them to me, and since then I live with dreams of the future… I console myself that we still have a whole future ahead”. In the letter N. P. Litvinov relating to the time, the crown Prince writes: “I experienced Good moments and sincerely thank God that I had found what I wished about for so long dreamed of: to love and be loved”. For many of the curious features of the then sentiments of the crown Prince give his letter to his brother, Grand Duke Alexander Alexandrovich, who, as you know, it was connected by gentle friendship and love. The crown Prince repeatedly told the mother that no one wrote such tender messages as “Sasha”, and may not even be aware who he loves more — “Sasha or Dagmar”. In Florence with the Grand Duke became a severe seizure: there was severe back pain that forced him to go to bed. Immediately convened a Council of physicians decided that the crown Prince of acute rheumatism; only one Italian doctor suggested that the patient there is inflammation in the spine; this diagnosis was subsequently proved correct. Although the crown Prince was somewhat easier, but he was moving with difficulty and fear of recurrence of acute pain, almost never straight and walked hunched over. Within a month he was treated to a massage, but when treatment is not brought noticeable relief, he decided to move to nice, where he arrived on 20 December 1864… In nice, where the crown Prince settled in the Villa diesbach on the Promenade des Anglais, he was getting worse and worse. Famous French doctors ordered him to stay while in nice. Meanwhile, the forces of the crown Prince was getting weaker every day, at the beginning of April appeared so alarming symptoms that the 4th number called was to nice, Grand Duke Alexander Alexandrovich, and in the evening of the 6th April left the Emperor with the Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich. On the way they were joined by the Princess Dagmar with her mother. The Heir, Tsesarevich, began severe headache accompanied by vomiting. He often fell into oblivion, but for the most part was in memory. On the morning of 11 April, the Heir became much worse; he was invited to join St. Mysteries, is what he did with full consciousness. After communion, the crown Prince began to say goodbye. The last panel of doctors, including Professor Zdekauer and Pies and called from Vienna Dr. Oppolzer, came to the conclusion that the heir to the throne meningitis cerebro-spinalis tuberculosa and that there is no salvation. At 17 o’clock in the evening began to die, during which the bride and brother never for a moment did not depart from the bedside of the dying Prince. April 12, in 12 hours 50 minutes night the crown Prince died. On April 14, his body was transferred to the Russian Church, and the 16th took place the transfer of the body in Villefranche on the frigate “Alexander Nevsky”, on may 21, arrived in Kronstadt. May 25 took place the transfer of the body in the Peter and Paul fortress, and on may 28, solemn burial in the Peter and Paul Cathedral.
At the funeral of crown Prince was an icon of Saint Nicholas, which began to bleed. This Shrine is in the Church of St. Nicholas, in the picture she left of the cross. (note)
The nice Cathedral. The interior
In nice by that time it was the Russian Church, built in 1859. But Russians in the town were so many, many of them had lived here for a long time and even bought the house so that the old Church could not accommodate all the parishioners.
In 1896, the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna (formerly Princess Dagmar) decided to spend the winter in cap d’ail. She came accompanied by their children, Grand Dukes George and Michael and Grand Duchess Olga. The Empress hoped that the mild climate will help the Grand Duke George, a patient with tuberculosis.
The public through the rector of the Church appealed to the Empress for assistance in the construction of a new Church. The Empress could not like this idea. Thirty years ago here in nice, died, her fiancé, heir to the throne, Grand Duke Nicholas Alexandrovich. Here, in nice, decided her future fate, when later she accepted the proposal of Emperor Alexander III to become his wife.