In the beautiful valley of the Nile, surrounded by desert, was born one of the greatest civilizations of mankind that have made significant contributions to the culture and architecture of the ancient world. For the period V Millennium BC — IV century ad, the Egyptians have created many magnificent buildings, architectural structures and sculptures, which at present are specimens of superior craftsmanship. What was the building material of the ancient Egyptians? What technologies are allowed to exist Egyptian structures thousands of years?
In the architecture of Ancient Egypt decided to allocate several periods
In a monumental construction of the main building material of the ancient Egyptians was stone – rocks of Sandstone, granite, limestone, basalt, porphyry, etc. Huge buildings were to be eternal homes for the dead and the gods, to inspire awe and awareness of the power of the lords. Continue reading
High vaulted ceiling, columns, arches, tall Windows with stained-glass Windows — that the Gothic style was the leading trend in the XIII – XV centuries. Gem Germany is undoubtedly the Cologne Cathedral of the Saints Peter and Mary. This is one of the largest cathedrals in Europe. Huge towers of the Cologne Cathedral are visible from almost any point in the city. This Cathedral has a special place in all of Gothic architecture.
The Cathedral is a Basilica of huge reddish stone of trachyte, with an area of about 8500 square meters. Cathedral length — 144 m, width of transept — 83 meters, height of the building to the ridge of the roof is about 60 meters. On the Western facade of the Cathedral has two huge towers topped with pointed spires. They rise to a height of 157 meters. Outside on the building — weight support of the pilasters, galleries, pass-through gratings, and its main portal is richly decorated with sculptural plasticity, decorative thread that is repeated from tier to tier of pointed arches. The huge main hall of the Cathedral is surrounded by many chapels and chapels and the vaulting is supported by columns with a height of 44 meters. Wall and floor of the Cathedral is lined in grey Rhine stones. Two steep spiral staircases — in 509 steps each leading to the bell tower, located inside the towers. Continue reading
From the past story we already know, what is a Belfry. and how is it different from the town hall and met with Belfry in Bruges — the city’s symbol. Today is the turn of the town hall (Stadhuis van Brugge) — sights of the Gothic architecture of the fifteenth century, a bright example of the development of the medieval Flemish city. The town hall is on the square, the Burg, which, along with neighbouring Large Market square is the main square in Bruges.
A small paved square Burg is the epicenter frozen in stone once the greatness of the richest trading cities. Here all plants are not just beautiful, every one of them — a real masterpiece of architectural skill. In the middle ages the square was the political and religious centre of Bruges, and its name translated means “fortress”. Indeed, here once stood a mighty fortress, around which was born in Bruges. After the fortress was destroyed, in the square began to grow a fine Gothic building, which seem to compete with each other in elegance and beauty.
On three sides the square is surrounded by an ensemble of magnificent buildings, from the fourth to the Park. The square is surrounded by the Palais de Justice with its exquisite facade (classical style), house Corporation(Baroque), home Records (the office, the epoch of Renaissance), an urban town house (Stadthuis, Gothic style) and the Basilica. Blood (Romanesque and Gothic). Continue reading