Until the 11th century in medieval Western Europe, a stone building almost was not conducted.
11.12 in centuries everywhere erected stone castles, monasteries, temples. All these buildings have thick, smooth walls with small Windows, massive columns supporting the ceiling, powerful towers, semi-circular arches. Not only locks, but temples and monasteries resembled a fortress and served as a refuge for the surrounding population during hostilities.
In modern times these buildings called Romanesque (from the Latin word .Roma. Rome). Indeed, medieval builders were studying the ruins of the ancient Roman architecture and borrowed from some Roman construction techniques (e.g., semi-circular arch).
To our days have survived tens of Romanesque structures, such as the castle tower in London, the Cathedral in Speyer. the burial place of German emperors, the Cathedral Saint-Lazare in
The Autun (France), decorated by the famous relief depicting the last judgment, etc. Continue reading