Anthropologists, historians, art historians, sculptors, recreating shape of ancient man, restore to us the image of our ancestor who lived several thousand years ago. And he rises from the depths of hoary centuries, beautiful and brave, not helpless before the forces of the insidious nature. This is not defenseless creature, hiding from the cold in skins and have no power over the surrounding world. A distant ancestor might show us the structure of baked brick, wheeled carts, colorful ceramic kitchenware. He is familiar with the smelting of metals, crosses the seas and lakes on vessels equipped with sails and oars, he uses the plow, weights, level, plumb, protractor, compasses, pliers, file, scissors, saw, plane, rotation.
It creates a magnificent building, still stunning in its scope and strength. Egyptian pyramids, sphinxes, sculpture-colossi, Greek temples, Roman public buildings and aqueducts stood in a long confrontation with the forces of the elements and still give birth to modern pilgrims a sense of belonging to the eternal history of mankind, uplifting the consciousness of continuity. The builders of antiquity had a tremendous intuition, experience and high professional skills. Continue reading
Until the 11th century in medieval Western Europe, a stone building almost was not conducted.
11.12 in centuries everywhere erected stone castles, monasteries, temples. All these buildings have thick, smooth walls with small Windows, massive columns supporting the ceiling, powerful towers, semi-circular arches. Not only locks, but temples and monasteries resembled a fortress and served as a refuge for the surrounding population during hostilities.
In modern times these buildings called Romanesque (from the Latin word .Roma. Rome). Indeed, medieval builders were studying the ruins of the ancient Roman architecture and borrowed from some Roman construction techniques (e.g., semi-circular arch).
To our days have survived tens of Romanesque structures, such as the castle tower in London, the Cathedral in Speyer. the burial place of German emperors, the Cathedral Saint-Lazare in
The Autun (France), decorated by the famous relief depicting the last judgment, etc. Continue reading