In the beautiful valley of the Nile, surrounded by desert, was born one of the greatest civilizations of mankind that have made significant contributions to the culture and architecture of the ancient world. For the period V Millennium BC — IV century ad, the Egyptians have created many magnificent buildings, architectural structures and sculptures, which at present are specimens of superior craftsmanship. What was the building material of the ancient Egyptians? What technologies are allowed to exist Egyptian structures thousands of years?
In the architecture of Ancient Egypt decided to allocate several periods
In a monumental construction of the main building material of the ancient Egyptians was stone – rocks of Sandstone, granite, limestone, basalt, porphyry, etc. Huge buildings were to be eternal homes for the dead and the gods, to inspire awe and awareness of the power of the lords. Continue reading
High vaulted ceiling, columns, arches, tall Windows with stained-glass Windows — that the Gothic style was the leading trend in the XIII – XV centuries. Gem Germany is undoubtedly the Cologne Cathedral of the Saints Peter and Mary. This is one of the largest cathedrals in Europe. Huge towers of the Cologne Cathedral are visible from almost any point in the city. This Cathedral has a special place in all of Gothic architecture.
The Cathedral is a Basilica of huge reddish stone of trachyte, with an area of about 8500 square meters. Cathedral length — 144 m, width of transept — 83 meters, height of the building to the ridge of the roof is about 60 meters. On the Western facade of the Cathedral has two huge towers topped with pointed spires. They rise to a height of 157 meters. Outside on the building — weight support of the pilasters, galleries, pass-through gratings, and its main portal is richly decorated with sculptural plasticity, decorative thread that is repeated from tier to tier of pointed arches. The huge main hall of the Cathedral is surrounded by many chapels and chapels and the vaulting is supported by columns with a height of 44 meters. Wall and floor of the Cathedral is lined in grey Rhine stones. Two steep spiral staircases — in 509 steps each leading to the bell tower, located inside the towers. Continue reading
Palma de Mallorca was founded by the Roman Consul Ceciliam Metellus in 123 BC era as a Roman camp. Palma survived the capture of the Byzantine Empire and the colonization of the Moors. And was taken by the Aragonese king Jaime the Conqueror. Each era has left its mark in the history and architecture of the city. It is the capital not only of the island but the whole archipelago, in addition to consists of Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza, Formentera and numerous smaller Islands. Here there are palaces and cathedrals, museums and the fortress. Palma de Mallorca is the permanent summer residence of the Spanish monarchs. Every day here comes a huge number of ships and cruise liners that connect Mallorca to the mainland and ensuring the island’s prosperity.
THE CATHEDRAL LA SEU
The Cathedral of Palma or the Cathedral Santa maría de Palma, best known under a third name – “La seu”, the architectural gem of the Balearic Islands. This is one of the most famous Gothic buildings in Europe and the largest built in the Middle ages. Continue reading